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Rufus - создание загрузочной флешки

Rufus

Год выпуска: 2021
Версия программы: 3.17
Жанр: Создание загрузочной флешки
Разработчик: Pete Batard/Akeo
Язык интерфейса: Мультиязычный (Русский присутствует)
Разрядность: 32/64-bit
Операционная система: Windows 7, 8, 8.1, 10, 11
Тип издания: Лицензия (& Portable)
Лечение: Не требуется

Описание: Rufus — небольшая утилита помогает отформатировать и создавать загрузочные USB флэш-накопители (USB ключи, карты памяти и т.д.). Несмотря на свои небольшие размеры, Rufus предоставляет все, что вам нужно для создания установочного USB носителя с загрузочными ISO (Windows, Linux и т.д.) или программами из DOS.

Дополнительная информация:
Особенности:
  • Rufus небольшая утилита помогает отформатировать и создавать загрузочные USB флэш-накопители быстрее аналогов. На домашней страничке приводятся результаты испытаний, согласно которым Rufus тратит чуть ли не втрое меньше времени на заливку на «свисток» дистрибутива Slackware, нежели небезызвестный UNetbootin.
  • Пользователь может при желании выровнять разделы на флешке (пункт Add Fixes for Old BIOSes, который скрывается в разворачивающемся меню Format Options). Если машинка у вас совсем старая и не определяет загрузочный USB-накопитель, попробуйте активировать эту опцию – может помочь.

Возможности:
  • Проверка флешки на бэд-блоки (запись данных в несколько проходов, от 1 до 4, по умолчанию – 2).
  • Что же касается создания «бутовых» носителей, то здесь возможны варианты: MS-DOS / FreeDOS (вшит в саму утилиту) либо SysLinux (набор загрузчиков «пингвиньего» ядра).
  • Запись загрузочных ISO-образов
  • Ведения логов, что тоже бывает полезно в особо тяжких случаях.
  • Версия портативная, работает без инсталляции на компьютер.

Rufus полезен, когда:
  • Вам нужно создать установочный носитель USB из загрузочного ISOs (Windows, Linux, и т.д.)
  • Вам нужно работать в системе, не имеющей установленной ОС
  • Вам нужен flash BIOS или других микропрограмм из DOS
  • Вы хотите запустить низкоуровневые утилиты.

Перечень:
ISOs с какими работает Rufus
Arch Linux, Archbang, BartPE/pebuilder, CentOS, Damn Small Linux, Fedora, FreeDOS, Gentoo, gNewSense, Hiren's Boot CD, LiveXP, Knoppix, Kubuntu, Linux Mint, NT Password Registry Editor, OpenSUSE, Parted Magic, Slackware, Tails, Trinity Rescue Kit, Ubuntu, Ultimate Boot CD, Windows XP (SP2 or later), Windows Server 2003 R2, Windows Vista, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows 8.1.
Поддерживаемые языки:
Azərbaycanca, Bahasa Indonesia, Bahasa Malaysia, Български, Čeština, Dansk, Deutsch, Ελληνικά, English, Español, Français, Hrvatski, Italiano, Latviešu, Lietuvių, Magyar, Nederlands, Norsk, Polski, Português, Português do Brasil, Русский, Română, Serbian, Slovensky, Slovenščina, Suomi, Svenska, Tiếng Việt, Türkçe, Українська, العربية, فارسی, 简体中文, 正體中文, 日本語, 한국어.
Изменения в версии 3.17:
(2021.10.23) [BUGFIX RELEASE]
  • Fix MBR not being properly cleared
  • Fix commandline hogger not being deleted on exit
  • Improve ReFS handling for platforms that support it
  • Update UEFI:NTFS to latest and remove Secure Boot notice since this version is Secure Boot signed
  • Update Grub4DOS to latest
Изменения в версии 3.16:
(2021.10.13)
  • Fix ISO mode support for Red Hat 8.2+ and derivatives
  • Fix BIOS boot support for Arch derivatives
  • Fix removal of some boot entries for Ubuntu derivatives
  • Fix log not being saved on exit
  • Add Windows 11 "Extended" installation support (Disables TPM/Secure Boot)
  • Add UEFI Shell ISO downloads
  • Add support for Intel NUC card readers
  • Improve Windows 11 support
  • Improve Windows version reporting
  • Speed up clearing of MBR/GPT
Изменения в версии 3.15:
(2021.08.03)
  • Update GRUB to version 2.06
  • Add support for .vtsi files (Ventoy Sparse Image, courtesy of longpanda/ventoy)
  • Add workaround for openSUSE Live ISOs
  • Move default app directory to %LocalAppData%\Rufus\ and always save a log there on exit
  • Fix AppStore version of Rufus not being able to store downloaded files
  • Fix failure to open Syslinux/GRUB files when Rufus is located at the root of a drive
  • Prevent the creation of System Volume Information on ESPs written in DD mode
  • Prevent drive letter assignation to the UEFI:NTFS partition
  • Prevent persistent partition creation errors due to size
  • Wnhance safety checks before running the Fido ISO download script
  • Other internal fixes and improvements
Изменения в версии 3.14:
(2021.04.30)
  • Improve DD write speed (uncompressed images only)
  • Improve checksum computation speed
  • Improve network connectivity detection
  • Only prompt for additional GRUB/Syslinux downloads when not writing in DD mode
  • Fix potential "loss" of disk after writing Ubuntu 20.10 in DD mode
  • Fix GRUB compatibility issue with Ubuntu 21.04
  • Fix Rufus MBR not being selected by default for Windows ISOs
  • Fix drag and drop being enabled during drive creation
  • Add more "exceptions" for forced DD image writing
Изменения в версии 3.13:
(2020.11.20)
  • Add a cheat mode (Alt-M) to accept disk images without a Boot Marker
  • Add marquee operation progress to the taskbar icon
  • Add zeroing/image writing progress to the log
  • Switch to using 0x55 and 0xAA instead of 0x00 and 0xFF for low pass badblock check
  • Switch to using fake/manufacturer units when computing the default label
  • Fix overnumerous write retries on error when writing a disk image
  • Work around Windows' abysmal handling of removable drives that contain an ESP
  • Improve mounting/unmounting of volumes
  • Update UEFI:NTFS file system drivers to version 1.7
  • Other internal fixes and improvements (VDS, error reporting, etc.)
Изменения в версии 3.12:
(2020.10.14)
  • Add optional SHA-512 digest algorithm (Alt-H)
  • Add a cheat mode (Alt +/-) to increase/decrease application priority
  • Enable direct provision of install.wim/install.esd for Windows To Go
  • Move Windows To Go ESP to the beginning of the drive, on systems that allow it
  • Enforce a minimum volume size of 256 MB for ext2/ext3 partitions
  • Speed up the scanning of ISOs with lots of Rock Ridge deep directory entries
  • Fix detection of GRUB version and update embedded GRUB for Ubuntu 20.10 support
  • Fix user interface labels for accessibility
  • Work around a Windows bug where the wrong drive letter may be returned
Изменения в версии 3.11:
(2020.06.18)
  • Add Rock Ridge deep directory support
  • Add an option to write small ISOs to an ESP (GPT only)
  • Add a cheat mode (Ctrl-SELECT) to extract content from an additional zip archive on top of the ISO
  • Add a cheat mode (Alt-G) to disable Virtual Hard Disk listing
  • Add a cheat mode (Alt-P) to toggle a GPT ESP to Basic Data (Windows 10 only)
  • Fix improper x86 32-bit NTFS driver being used for UEFI:NTFS
  • Improve UEFI:NTFS compatibility with older UEFI firmwares
  • Improve startup time by running the ISO download feature check in the background
  • Remove Ubuntu's splash screen for persistent UEFI drives
  • Enable ASLR for the Rufus executable
Изменения в версии 3.10:
(2020.04.22)
  • Improve support for Ubuntu 20.04
  • Improve detection of FIXED drives with no mounted partitions
  • Improve extfs formatting (courtesy of Marcos Mello)
  • Update UEFI:NTFS file system drivers to v1.5
  • Fix progress not being updated when using the German localization
  • Fix primary GPT being overwritten when adding the protective MBR message
  • Fix a regression with lousy security solutions that prevent the creation of an 'autorun.inf'
  • Fix an assert during FreeDOS drive creation when the Windows system locale is set to UTF-8
  • Fix invalid label errors when using a non-Western locale
Изменения в версии 3.9:
(2020.02.29)
  • Add exFAT support when creating blank UEFI:NTFS drives [EXPERIMENTAL]
  • Fix ext2/ext3 corruption for partitions larger than 4 GB
  • Fix early boot files not being usable on compressed NTFS partitions
  • Fix writing of compressed streams that don't end on sector boundary
  • Fix percent not being displayed on slow format
  • Improve file preallocation and speed up ISO extraction (courtesy of Mattiwatti)
  • Improve ext2/ext3 formatting speed
  • Improve protective MBR message for GPT partitioned drives
  • Improve reporting of Syslinux/GRUB download errors
  • Improve reporting of partition types and of Windows' version
  • Report the usage of UDF symbolic links
  • Update embedded Syslinux to 6.04-pre1
Изменения в версии 3.8:
(2019.09.16) [BUGFIX RELEASE]
  • Fix regression where some ISOs (Debian) would produce a Syslinux error when booting in BIOS mode
  • Fix potential 0xC0030057 errors when trying to create a persistent partitions on a non-FIXED drive
Изменения в версии 3.7:
(2019.09.09)
  • Finalize persistent partition support for Debian and Ubuntu:
    • Debian with persistence should work out of the box with any recent Debian Live ISO.
    • Ubuntu with persistence should also work IF using a post 2019.08.01 ISO (such as daily-live).
    • Note that, because of bug #1489855, trying to use persistence with Ubuntu ISOs that were released before August 2019 will only result in rescue mode during boot - You have been warned!
    • Other distros may work with persistence as long as they use a Debian-like or Ubuntu-like method, and, in the case of Ubuntu-like, if they use casper with the #1489855 bugfix.
  • Add cheat mode (Alt) to switch between percent/speed/ETA on some operations [EXPERIMENTAL]
  • Report SuperSpeed+ devices in the log (Come on USB-IF, just add "Ludicrous Speed" already!)
  • Fix UI checkboxes (Extended label, Fixes for old BIOSes) being cleared on START
  • Fix Can't mount GUID volume regression when creating Windows To Go drives
  • Fix Volume label is invalid error with empty labels on Windows 7
  • Fix stale progress bar during standalone ext2/ext3 formatting
  • Fix an extraction failure with R-Drive Image bootable ISOs
  • Disable ISO mode for Pop!_OS
  • Other cosmetic and internal improvements
Изменения в версии 3.6:
(2019.07.18)
  • Add support for persistent partitions [EXPERIMENTAL]
  • (Note: The above won't work with Ubuntu until Ubuntu bug #1489855 is properly fixed)
  • Add a mode to use VDS when partitioning/formatting (Alt-V) [EXPERIMENTAL]
  • Add full extraction support for efi.img (Solus)
  • Fix listing of potentially blocking processes
  • Fix NTFS not being selectable when using Grub4DOS
  • Fix download script not being launched when the user name contains a space
  • Fix translated messages potentially being truncated (e.g. Thai)
  • Fix progress bar report for screen readers (Accessibility issue)
  • Fix a regression where Windows format prompts would not be suppressed
  • Improve(?) Windows To Go support by following Microsoft's recommended partition order
  • Don't enumerate Windows Sandbox VHDs
  • Disable ISO mode when Manjaro ISOHybrids are being used
  • Update embedded GRUB to version 2.04
Изменения в версии 3.5:
(28.03.2019)
  • Rufus 3.5 получил функцию загрузки ISO-образов Windows 10 и 8.1
  • Добавлена поддержка Windows To Go для ISO образов генерированных MCT
  • Добавлено уведомление об ошибке Microsoft с WppRecorder.sys для ISO Windows 10 1809
  • Добавлено уведомление о попытке отформатировать диск размером более 2 ТБ в MBR
  • Добавлено уведомление при попытке загрузки носителя только для UEFI в режиме Legacy
  • Исправление ошибок
Изменения в версии 3.4:
(2018.12.05)
  • Set the default image selection directory to Downloads\ instead of My Documents\
  • Add ARM/ARM64 automatic update support
  • Improve UEFI:NTFS compatibility
  • Improve access issues by using VDS to delete all partitions
  • Update the .appx to include all architectures as well as request elevation
  • Fix broken detection of some EFI based images
  • Fix broken update check due to server switch
  • UI and accessibility fixes and improvements
Изменения в версии 3.3:
(2018.09.17)
  • Fix a regression when processing uncompressed bootable DD images
  • Fix Windows To Go drive creation for ARM64 Windows ISOs
Изменения в версии 3.2:
(2018.09.11)
  • Add RSA-2048 signature validation on all the server downloads
  • Add "Fast zeroing" cheat mode (courtesy of René van der Zee)
  • Add support for XP/Server 2003 x64 ISOs (courtesy of Mattiwatti)
  • Improve ISO extraction performance by preallocating files (courtesy of Mattiwatti)
  • Improve bad blocks check algorithm (from suggestions by AL.Skywalker)
  • Fix progress not being displayed for Sylinux or GRUB downloads
  • Fix unwanted application close when cancelling an image scan
  • Fix an issue where FAT32 could still be selected for ISOs containing a >4GB file
Изменения в версии 3.1:
(2018.06.19)
  • Fix extraction of ISO content for GRUB based ISOs (Manjaro, Kaspersky, etc.)
  • Fix text being truncated on some dialogs (mostly Russian and Thai)
  • Add detection & warning about the 'Controlled Folder Access' Windows 10 feature
  • Improve retry attempts for transient errors
  • Increase size of the ESP to 300MB, for Windows To Go drives partitioned as GPT
  • Update GRUB 2.0 and Grub4DOS to latest
  • Update libcdio to latest
Изменения в версии 3.0:
(2018.05.29)
  • UI redesign to follow the flow of user operations (with thanks to Fahad Al-Riyami for the concept)
  • Drop Windows XP and Windows Vista platform support
  • Switch all downloads to SSL and use https://rufus.ie as the new base URL
  • Add ARM64 support for UEFI:NTFS
  • Fix delays when querying floppy drives during device enumeration
  • Improve support of efi.img files on Linux ISOs
  • Improve support for non-ISO9660 compliant openSUSE Leap ISOs
  • Improve translation support and remove manual positioning
  • Internal fixes and improvements
Изменения в версии 2.18:
(2017.11.07)
  • Ensure that the same drive is reselected on device refresh
  • Add a cheat mode to cycle the USB port of currently selected device
  • Make lookup for updatable .cfg file more generic (e.g. ESET SysRescue)
  • Fix handling of multiextent ISOs (e.g. BlackArch Linux)
  • Fix propagation of image decompression errors
  • Update grub4dos to latest
Изменения в версии 2.17:
(2017.09.12)
  • Add support for Debian 9 live ISOs in UEFI mode
  • Add support for Super Floppy Disk "partitioning" mode
  • Add support for more non-USB card readers
  • Strengthen download update checks, to prevent attack scenarios that leverage user unawareness
  • Fix an issue with Spanish translation prompts not displaying properly
  • Fix an issue with Windows To Go support on some non-official Windows ISOs
  • Fix an issue with log autoscrolling
  • Fix an issue when using A: or B: as drive letters
Изменения в версии 2.16:
(2017.07.31)
  • Add an audiovisual cue on completion/error
  • Add a workaround for ISOs using nonstantard Rock Ridge extensions (looking at you Kali Linux!)
  • Notify user when an ISO is broken or truncated
  • Notify user if other processes are accessing the drive before format
  • List processes that are locking a drive on failure
  • Improve verbosity of the Windows To Go process
  • Other fixes and improvements
Изменения в версии 2.15:
(2017.05.16)
  • Fix non-listing of drives that are opened for write access by another process
  • Report external processes that may be preventing disk access (in the log)
  • Improve Windows To Go support for Windows 10 Creators Update
  • Don't report an error on checkdisk failure
  • Update GRUB 2.0 and Grub4DOS to latest
  • Other fixes and improvements
Изменения в версии 2.14:
(2017.04.10)
  • Fix inability to create BIOS-bootable drives, in some circumstances, due to write sharing permissions
Изменения в версии 2.12:
(2017.01.27)
  • Add Hebrew translation, courtesy of NSBuilder and פלוני אלמוני
  • Add a cheat mode (Alt-O) to create an ISO from the first optical media found
  • Enable target system selection for Windows To Go
  • Enable NTFS selection for Syslinux 6.x (EXPERIMENTAL)
  • Fix an issue that allowed BIOS target selection with pure UEFI images
  • Fix license display for RTL languages
  • Update Grub4DOS and FreeDOS to latest
  • Additional fixes and improvements
Изменения в версии 2.11:
(2016.09.08)
  • Do not download BIOS related files unless BIOS boot is selected
  • Improve support for Arch Linux derivatives
  • Add a cheat mode to disable drive indexing on format (Alt-Q)
  • Fix handling of 'Super Floppy Disk' formatted drives
  • Fix handling of misleading short write reports, for drives larger than 1 TB
  • Fix an issue that enabled FAT32 file system selection on some Windows images
  • Fix broken UI font for XP users
  • Fix sanitizing of exFAT labels
Изменения в версии 2.10:
(2016.07.20)
  • Add SHA-256 validation for downloaded files. You will now see an or in the log for relevant content
  • Add support for O2Micro PCI-E card readers
  • Add compressed NTFS support for UEFI:NTFS
  • Improve automatic closure of the Windows default format prompt
  • Improve support for Ubuntu (silence a benign warning), Springdale (use the actual label) and Antergos (Syslinux version detection)
  • Work around a Windows bug that can render a GPT disk inaccessible after cleanup (e.g. ChromeOS image)
  • Fix hash computation for content that isn't a multiple of 64 bytes (NB: This did not affect ISOs)
  • Fix Syslinux installation on some media, with huge thanks to 424778940z for the tests
  • Fix a corner case where settings could be altered after Start had been pressed, if a hotplug event also occurred
  • Additional fixes and improvements
Изменения в версии 2.9:
(2016.05.17)
  • Add ARM support for UEFI:NTFS
  • Fix UEFI:NTFS support for HP and Gigabyte firmwares (with thanks to Rod Smith and linnaea)
  • Fix unwanted listing of some internal removable drives
  • Fix the resurgence of a possible Syslinux installation crash
  • Fix missing default cluster size default on exFAT for >32GB drives
  • Fix the non-removal of the commandline hogger in some corner cases
  • Use "modern" file selection dialog on Vista or later (if you can spot the difference, good for you...)
Изменения в версии 2.8:
(2016.04.22)
  • Enable listing of non-USB card readers (EXPERIMENTAL)
  • Major speed improvement for checksum computation
  • Fix UI flicker during progress actualization
  • Fix computation of FAT size for Large FAT32 (with thanks to Ady)
  • Syslinux improvements
  • Update GRUB to 2.02~beta3
Изменения в версии 2.6:
(2015.12.22)
  • Add Serbian (Latin) translation, courtesy of Ivan Strugari
  • Add a cheat mode to zero a device (Alt-Z)
  • Fix dual BIOS/UEFI mode not being disabled once enabled (Alt-E)
  • Fix a crash when Syslinux downloaded files are modified by a firewall
  • Fix FAT32 not being disabled for Windows ISOs in BIOS/CSM mode
  • Additional translation updates
Изменения в версии 2.0:
(2015.03.03)
  • Major UI improvements (improved font, new info field, no separate progress dialog, etc.)
  • Add support for Windows To Go (when Rufus is running on Windows 8 or later)
  • Add support for Grub4DOS and GRUB 2 based images (e.g. FreeNAS)
  • Add portable application support, through a 'rufus.ini' file
  • Add native decompression support for DD images (.Z, .gz, .lzma, .bz2 and .xz)
  • Add seamless UEFI boot of NTFS partitions, for Windows ISOs with large files (>4GB)
  • Add support for Windows multipart 'install.swm'
  • Add support for non Microsoft VHD drivers
  • Add Norwegian translation, courtesy of JED
  • Fix a crash on image selection when no device is present
  • Fix broken VHD support on non-English version of Windows
  • Fix write error for DD images that are not a multiple of the sector size
  • Fix broken Unicode support
  • Update embedded Syslinux to 6.03
  • Other improvements and fixes
  • Update Windows version listing for Windows 10

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